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There is something in this more than natural, if philosophy could find it out.

      — Hamlet, Act II Scene 2


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The Tragedy of Julius Caesar

Act IV

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Scene 1. A house in Rome.

Scene 2. Camp near Sardis. Before BRUTUS’s tent.

Scene 3. Brutus’s tent.


Act IV, Scene 1

A house in Rome.

      next scene .

ANTONY, OCTAVIUS, and LEPIDUS, seated at a table

  • Antony. These many, then, shall die; their names are prick'd. 1860
  • Octavius. Your brother too must die; consent you, Lepidus?
  • Lepidus. Upon condition Publius shall not live,
    Who is your sister's son, Mark Antony. 1865
  • Antony. He shall not live; look, with a spot I damn him.
    But, Lepidus, go you to Caesar's house;
    Fetch the will hither, and we shall determine
    How to cut off some charge in legacies.
  • Lepidus. What, shall I find you here? 1870


  • Antony. This is a slight unmeritable man,
    Meet to be sent on errands: is it fit,
    The three-fold world divided, he should stand 1875
    One of the three to share it?
  • Octavius. So you thought him;
    And took his voice who should be prick'd to die,
    In our black sentence and proscription.
  • Antony. Octavius, I have seen more days than you: 1880
    And though we lay these honours on this man,
    To ease ourselves of divers slanderous loads,
    He shall but bear them as the ass bears gold,
    To groan and sweat under the business,
    Either led or driven, as we point the way; 1885
    And having brought our treasure where we will,
    Then take we down his load, and turn him off,
    Like to the empty ass, to shake his ears,
    And graze in commons.
  • Octavius. You may do your will; 1890
    But he's a tried and valiant soldier.
  • Antony. So is my horse, Octavius; and for that
    I do appoint him store of provender:
    It is a creature that I teach to fight,
    To wind, to stop, to run directly on, 1895
    His corporal motion govern'd by my spirit.
    And, in some taste, is Lepidus but so;
    He must be taught and train'd and bid go forth;
    A barren-spirited fellow; one that feeds
    On abjects, orts and imitations, 1900
    Which, out of use and staled by other men,
    Begin his fashion: do not talk of him,
    But as a property. And now, Octavius,
    Listen great things:—Brutus and Cassius
    Are levying powers: we must straight make head: 1905
    Therefore let our alliance be combined,
    Our best friends made, our means stretch'd
    And let us presently go sit in council,
    How covert matters may be best disclosed,
    And open perils surest answered. 1910
  • Octavius. Let us do so: for we are at the stake,
    And bay'd about with many enemies;
    And some that smile have in their hearts, I fear,
    Millions of mischiefs.


. previous scene      

Act IV, Scene 2

Camp near Sardis. Before BRUTUS’s tent.

      next scene .

Drum. Enter BRUTUS, LUCILIUS, LUCIUS, and Soldiers; Tintinius and PINDARUS meeting them

  • Lucilius. Give the word, ho! and stand.
  • Brutus. What now, Lucilius! is Cassius near? 1920
  • Lucilius. He is at hand; and Pindarus is come
    To do you salutation from his master.
  • Brutus. He greets me well. Your master, Pindarus,
    In his own change, or by ill officers,
    Hath given me some worthy cause to wish 1925
    Things done, undone: but, if he be at hand,
    I shall be satisfied.
  • Pindarus. I do not doubt
    But that my noble master will appear
    Such as he is, full of regard and honour. 1930
  • Brutus. He is not doubted. A word, Lucilius;
    How he received you, let me be resolved.
  • Lucilius. With courtesy and with respect enough;
    But not with such familiar instances,
    Nor with such free and friendly conference, 1935
    As he hath used of old.
  • Brutus. Thou hast described
    A hot friend cooling: ever note, Lucilius,
    When love begins to sicken and decay,
    It useth an enforced ceremony. 1940
    There are no tricks in plain and simple faith;
    But hollow men, like horses hot at hand,
    Make gallant show and promise of their mettle;
    But when they should endure the bloody spur,
    They fall their crests, and, like deceitful jades, 1945
    Sink in the trial. Comes his army on?
  • Lucilius. They mean this night in Sardis to be quarter'd;
    The greater part, the horse in general,
    Are come with Cassius.
  • Brutus. Hark! he is arrived. 1950
    [Low march within]
    March gently on to meet him.

Enter CASSIUS and his powers

  • Brutus. Stand, ho! Speak the word along. 1955
  • Cassius. Most noble brother, you have done me wrong.
  • Brutus. Judge me, you gods! wrong I mine enemies? 1960
    And, if not so, how should I wrong a brother?
  • Cassius. Brutus, this sober form of yours hides wrongs;
    And when you do them—
  • Brutus. Cassius, be content.
    Speak your griefs softly: I do know you well. 1965
    Before the eyes of both our armies here,
    Which should perceive nothing but love from us,
    Let us not wrangle: bid them move away;
    Then in my tent, Cassius, enlarge your griefs,
    And I will give you audience. 1970
  • Cassius. Pindarus,
    Bid our commanders lead their charges off
    A little from this ground.
  • Brutus. Lucilius, do you the like; and let no man
    Come to our tent till we have done our conference. 1975
    Let Lucius and Tintinius guard our door.


. previous scene      

Act IV, Scene 3

Brutus’s tent.



  • Cassius. That you have wrong'd me doth appear in this:
    You have condemn'd and noted Lucius Pella 1980
    For taking bribes here of the Sardians;
    Wherein my letters, praying on his side,
    Because I knew the man, were slighted off.
  • Brutus. You wronged yourself to write in such a case.
  • Cassius. In such a time as this it is not meet 1985
    That every nice offence should bear his comment.
  • Brutus. Let me tell you, Cassius, you yourself
    Are much condemn'd to have an itching palm;
    To sell and mart your offices for gold
    To undeservers. 1990
  • Cassius. I an itching palm!
    You know that you are Brutus that speak this,
    Or, by the gods, this speech were else your last.
  • Brutus. The name of Cassius honours this corruption,
    And chastisement doth therefore hide his head. 1995
  • Brutus. Remember March, the ides of March remember:
    Did not great Julius bleed for justice' sake?
    What villain touch'd his body, that did stab,
    And not for justice? What, shall one of us 2000
    That struck the foremost man of all this world
    But for supporting robbers, shall we now
    Contaminate our fingers with base bribes,
    And sell the mighty space of our large honours
    For so much trash as may be grasped thus? 2005
    I had rather be a dog, and bay the moon,
    Than such a Roman.
  • Cassius. Brutus, bay not me;
    I'll not endure it: you forget yourself,
    To hedge me in; I am a soldier, I, 2010
    Older in practise, abler than yourself
    To make conditions.
  • Brutus. Go to; you are not, Cassius.
  • Brutus. I say you are not. 2015
  • Cassius. Urge me no more, I shall forget myself;
    Have mind upon your health, tempt me no further.
  • Brutus. Hear me, for I will speak. 2020
    Must I give way and room to your rash choler?
    Shall I be frighted when a madman stares?
  • Cassius. O ye gods, ye gods! must I endure all this?
  • Brutus. All this! ay, more: fret till your proud heart break;
    Go show your slaves how choleric you are, 2025
    And make your bondmen tremble. Must I budge?
    Must I observe you? must I stand and crouch
    Under your testy humour? By the gods
    You shall digest the venom of your spleen,
    Though it do split you; for, from this day forth, 2030
    I'll use you for my mirth, yea, for my laughter,
    When you are waspish.
  • Brutus. You say you are a better soldier:
    Let it appear so; make your vaunting true, 2035
    And it shall please me well: for mine own part,
    I shall be glad to learn of noble men.
  • Cassius. You wrong me every way; you wrong me, Brutus;
    I said, an elder soldier, not a better:
    Did I say 'better'? 2040
  • Brutus. If you did, I care not.
  • Cassius. When Caesar lived, he durst not thus have moved me.
  • Brutus. Peace, peace! you durst not so have tempted him.
  • Cassius. What, durst not tempt him!
  • Brutus. For your life you durst not!
  • Cassius. Do not presume too much upon my love;
    I may do that I shall be sorry for.
  • Brutus. You have done that you should be sorry for. 2050
    There is no terror, Cassius, in your threats,
    For I am arm'd so strong in honesty
    That they pass by me as the idle wind,
    Which I respect not. I did send to you
    For certain sums of gold, which you denied me: 2055
    For I can raise no money by vile means:
    By heaven, I had rather coin my heart,
    And drop my blood for drachmas, than to wring
    From the hard hands of peasants their vile trash
    By any indirection: I did send 2060
    To you for gold to pay my legions,
    Which you denied me: was that done like Cassius?
    Should I have answer'd Caius Cassius so?
    When Marcus Brutus grows so covetous,
    To lock such rascal counters from his friends, 2065
    Be ready, gods, with all your thunderbolts;
    Dash him to pieces!
  • Cassius. I did not: he was but a fool that brought 2070
    My answer back. Brutus hath rived my heart:
    A friend should bear his friend's infirmities,
    But Brutus makes mine greater than they are.
  • Brutus. I do not, till you practise them on me.
  • Brutus. I do not like your faults.
  • Cassius. A friendly eye could never see such faults.
  • Brutus. A flatterer's would not, though they do appear
    As huge as high Olympus.
  • Cassius. Come, Antony, and young Octavius, come, 2080
    Revenge yourselves alone on Cassius,
    For Cassius is aweary of the world;
    Hated by one he loves; braved by his brother;
    Cheque'd like a bondman; all his faults observed,
    Set in a note-book, learn'd, and conn'd by rote, 2085
    To cast into my teeth. O, I could weep
    My spirit from mine eyes! There is my dagger,
    And here my naked breast; within, a heart
    Dearer than Plutus' mine, richer than gold:
    If that thou be'st a Roman, take it forth; 2090
    I, that denied thee gold, will give my heart:
    Strike, as thou didst at Caesar; for, I know,
    When thou didst hate him worst, thou lovedst him better
    Than ever thou lovedst Cassius.
  • Brutus. Sheathe your dagger: 2095
    Be angry when you will, it shall have scope;
    Do what you will, dishonour shall be humour.
    O Cassius, you are yoked with a lamb
    That carries anger as the flint bears fire;
    Who, much enforced, shows a hasty spark, 2100
    And straight is cold again.
  • Cassius. Hath Cassius lived
    To be but mirth and laughter to his Brutus,
    When grief, and blood ill-temper'd, vexeth him?
  • Brutus. When I spoke that, I was ill-temper'd too. 2105
  • Cassius. Do you confess so much? Give me your hand.
  • Cassius. Have not you love enough to bear with me, 2110
    When that rash humour which my mother gave me
    Makes me forgetful?
  • Brutus. Yes, Cassius; and, from henceforth,
    When you are over-earnest with your Brutus,
    He'll think your mother chides, and leave you so. 2115
  • Poet. [Within] Let me go in to see the generals;
    There is some grudge between 'em, 'tis not meet
    They be alone.
  • Lucilius. [Within] You shall not come to them.
  • Poet. [Within] Nothing but death shall stay me. 2120

Enter Poet, followed by LUCILIUS, Tintinius, and LUCIUS

  • Cassius. How now! what's the matter?
  • Poet. For shame, you generals! what do you mean?
    Love, and be friends, as two such men should be;
    For I have seen more years, I'm sure, than ye. 2125
  • Cassius. Ha, ha! how vilely doth this cynic rhyme!
  • Brutus. Get you hence, sirrah; saucy fellow, hence!
  • Cassius. Bear with him, Brutus; 'tis his fashion.
  • Brutus. I'll know his humour, when he knows his time:
    What should the wars do with these jigging fools? 2130
    Companion, hence!

Exit Poet

  • Brutus. Lucilius and Tintinius, bid the commanders
    Prepare to lodge their companies to-night. 2135
  • Cassius. And come yourselves, and bring Messala with you
    Immediately to us.

Exeunt LUCILIUS and Tintinius

  • Brutus. Lucius, a bowl of wine!


  • Cassius. I did not think you could have been so angry.
  • Brutus. O Cassius, I am sick of many griefs.
  • Cassius. Of your philosophy you make no use,
    If you give place to accidental evils.
  • Brutus. No man bears sorrow better. Portia is dead. 2145
  • Cassius. How 'scaped I killing when I cross'd you so?
    O insupportable and touching loss!
    Upon what sickness? 2150
  • Brutus. Impatient of my absence,
    And grief that young Octavius with Mark Antony
    Have made themselves so strong:—for with her death
    That tidings came;—with this she fell distract,
    And, her attendants absent, swallow'd fire. 2155

Re-enter LUCIUS, with wine and taper

  • Brutus. Speak no more of her. Give me a bowl of wine. 2160
    In this I bury all unkindness, Cassius.
  • Cassius. My heart is thirsty for that noble pledge.
    Fill, Lucius, till the wine o'erswell the cup;
    I cannot drink too much of Brutus' love.
  • Brutus. Come in, Tintinius! 2165
    [Exit LUCIUS]
    [Re-enter Tintinius, with MESSALA]
    Welcome, good Messala.
    Now sit we close about this taper here,
    And call in question our necessities. 2170
  • Brutus. No more, I pray you.
    Messala, I have here received letters,
    That young Octavius and Mark Antony
    Come down upon us with a mighty power, 2175
    Bending their expedition toward Philippi.
  • Messala. Myself have letters of the selfsame tenor.
  • Messala. That by proscription and bills of outlawry,
    Octavius, Antony, and Lepidus, 2180
    Have put to death an hundred senators.
  • Brutus. Therein our letters do not well agree;
    Mine speak of seventy senators that died
    By their proscriptions, Cicero being one.
  • Messala. Cicero is dead,
    And by that order of proscription.
    Had you your letters from your wife, my lord?
  • Messala. Nor nothing in your letters writ of her? 2190
  • Messala. That, methinks, is strange.
  • Brutus. Why ask you? hear you aught of her in yours?
  • Brutus. Now, as you are a Roman, tell me true. 2195
  • Messala. Then like a Roman bear the truth I tell:
    For certain she is dead, and by strange manner.
  • Brutus. Why, farewell, Portia. We must die, Messala:
    With meditating that she must die once,
    I have the patience to endure it now. 2200
  • Messala. Even so great men great losses should endure.
  • Cassius. I have as much of this in art as you,
    But yet my nature could not bear it so.
  • Brutus. Well, to our work alive. What do you think
    Of marching to Philippi presently? 2205
  • Cassius. This it is:
    'Tis better that the enemy seek us:
    So shall he waste his means, weary his soldiers, 2210
    Doing himself offence; whilst we, lying still,
    Are full of rest, defense, and nimbleness.
  • Brutus. Good reasons must, of force, give place to better.
    The people 'twixt Philippi and this ground
    Do stand but in a forced affection; 2215
    For they have grudged us contribution:
    The enemy, marching along by them,
    By them shall make a fuller number up,
    Come on refresh'd, new-added, and encouraged;
    From which advantage shall we cut him off, 2220
    If at Philippi we do face him there,
    These people at our back.
  • Brutus. Under your pardon. You must note beside,
    That we have tried the utmost of our friends, 2225
    Our legions are brim-full, our cause is ripe:
    The enemy increaseth every day;
    We, at the height, are ready to decline.
    There is a tide in the affairs of men,
    Which, taken at the flood, leads on to fortune; 2230
    Omitted, all the voyage of their life
    Is bound in shallows and in miseries.
    On such a full sea are we now afloat;
    And we must take the current when it serves,
    Or lose our ventures. 2235
  • Cassius. Then, with your will, go on;
    We'll along ourselves, and meet them at Philippi.
  • Brutus. The deep of night is crept upon our talk,
    And nature must obey necessity;
    Which we will niggard with a little rest. 2240
    There is no more to say?
  • Cassius. No more. Good night:
    Early to-morrow will we rise, and hence.
  • Brutus. Lucius!
    [Enter LUCIUS] 2245
    My gown.
    [Exit LUCIUS]
    Farewell, good Messala:
    Good night, Tintinius. Noble, noble Cassius,
    Good night, and good repose. 2250
  • Cassius. O my dear brother!
    This was an ill beginning of the night:
    Never come such division 'tween our souls!
    Let it not, Brutus.
  • Brutus. Every thing is well. 2255
  • Brutus. Good night, good brother.
  • Tintinius. [with MESSALA] Good night, Lord Brutus.
  • Brutus. Farewell, every one.
    [Exeunt all but BRUTUS] 2260
    [Re-enter LUCIUS, with the gown]
    Give me the gown. Where is thy instrument?
  • Brutus. What, thou speak'st drowsily?
    Poor knave, I blame thee not; thou art o'er-watch'd. 2265
    Call Claudius and some other of my men:
    I'll have them sleep on cushions in my tent.


  • Varro. Calls my lord? 2270
  • Brutus. I pray you, sirs, lie in my tent and sleep;
    It may be I shall raise you by and by
    On business to my brother Cassius.
  • Varro. So please you, we will stand and watch your pleasure.
  • Brutus. I will not have it so: lie down, good sirs; 2275
    It may be I shall otherwise bethink me.
    Look, Lucius, here's the book I sought for so;
    I put it in the pocket of my gown.

VARRO and CLAUDIUS lie down

  • Lucius. I was sure your lordship did not give it me. 2280
  • Brutus. Bear with me, good boy, I am much forgetful.
    Canst thou hold up thy heavy eyes awhile,
    And touch thy instrument a strain or two?
  • Lucius. Ay, my lord, an't please you.
  • Brutus. It does, my boy: 2285
    I trouble thee too much, but thou art willing.
  • Brutus. I should not urge thy duty past thy might;
    I know young bloods look for a time of rest.
  • Lucius. I have slept, my lord, already. 2290
  • Brutus. It was well done; and thou shalt sleep again;
    I will not hold thee long: if I do live,
    I will be good to thee.
    [Music, and a song]
    This is a sleepy tune. O murderous slumber, 2295
    Lay'st thou thy leaden mace upon my boy,
    That plays thee music? Gentle knave, good night;
    I will not do thee so much wrong to wake thee:
    If thou dost nod, thou break'st thy instrument;
    I'll take it from thee; and, good boy, good night. 2300
    Let me see, let me see; is not the leaf turn'd down
    Where I left reading? Here it is, I think.
    [Enter the Ghost of CAESAR]
    How ill this taper burns! Ha! who comes here?
    I think it is the weakness of mine eyes 2305
    That shapes this monstrous apparition.
    It comes upon me. Art thou any thing?
    Art thou some god, some angel, or some devil,
    That makest my blood cold and my hair to stare?
    Speak to me what thou art. 2310
  • Caesar. Thy evil spirit, Brutus.
  • Caesar. To tell thee thou shalt see me at Philippi.
  • Brutus. Well; then I shall see thee again?
  • Brutus. Why, I will see thee at Philippi, then.
    [Exit Ghost]
    Now I have taken heart thou vanishest:
    Ill spirit, I would hold more talk with thee.
    Boy, Lucius! Varro! Claudius! Sirs, awake! Claudius! 2320
  • Lucius. The strings, my lord, are false.
  • Brutus. He thinks he still is at his instrument.
    Lucius, awake!
  • Brutus. Didst thou dream, Lucius, that thou so criedst out? 2325
  • Lucius. My lord, I do not know that I did cry.
  • Brutus. Yes, that thou didst: didst thou see any thing?
  • Brutus. Sleep again, Lucius. Sirrah Claudius!
    [To VARRO] 2330
    Fellow thou, awake!
  • Brutus. Why did you so cry out, sirs, in your sleep?
  • Varro. [with Claudius] Did we, my lord? 2335
  • Brutus. Ay: saw you any thing?
  • Varro. No, my lord, I saw nothing.
  • Brutus. Go and commend me to my brother Cassius;
    Bid him set on his powers betimes before, 2340
    And we will follow.
  • Varro. [with Claudius] It shall be done, my lord.