Please wait

The text you requested is loading.
This shouldn't take more than a minute, depending on
the speed of your Internet connection.

progress graphic

I'll not budge an inch.

      — The Taming of the Shrew, Prologue Scene 1


Plays  +  Sonnets  +  Poems  +  Concordance  +  Advanced Search  +  About OSS

History of Henry VI, Part II


print/save print/save view

Scene 1. The Abbey at Bury St. Edmund’s.

Scene 2. Bury St. Edmund’s. A room of state.

Scene 3. A bedchamber.


Act III, Scene 1

The Abbey at Bury St. Edmund’s.

      next scene .


  • Henry VI. I muse my Lord of Gloucester is not come:
    'Tis not his wont to be the hindmost man,
    Whate'er occasion keeps him from us now. 1280
  • Queen Margaret. Can you not see? or will ye not observe
    The strangeness of his alter'd countenance?
    With what a majesty he bears himself,
    How insolent of late he is become,
    How proud, how peremptory, and unlike himself? 1285
    We know the time since he was mild and affable,
    And if we did but glance a far-off look,
    Immediately he was upon his knee,
    That all the court admired him for submission:
    But meet him now, and, be it in the morn, 1290
    When every one will give the time of day,
    He knits his brow and shows an angry eye,
    And passeth by with stiff unbowed knee,
    Disdaining duty that to us belongs.
    Small curs are not regarded when they grin; 1295
    But great men tremble when the lion roars;
    And Humphrey is no little man in England.
    First note that he is near you in descent,
    And should you fall, he as the next will mount.
    Me seemeth then it is no policy, 1300
    Respecting what a rancorous mind he bears
    And his advantage following your decease,
    That he should come about your royal person
    Or be admitted to your highness' council.
    By flattery hath he won the commons' hearts, 1305
    And when he please to make commotion,
    'Tis to be fear'd they all will follow him.
    Now 'tis the spring, and weeds are shallow-rooted;
    Suffer them now, and they'll o'ergrow the garden
    And choke the herbs for want of husbandry. 1310
    The reverent care I bear unto my lord
    Made me collect these dangers in the duke.
    If it be fond, call it a woman's fear;
    Which fear if better reasons can supplant,
    I will subscribe and say I wrong'd the duke. 1315
    My Lord of Suffolk, Buckingham, and York,
    Reprove my allegation, if you can;
    Or else conclude my words effectual.
  • Earl of Suffolk. Well hath your highness seen into this duke;
    And, had I first been put to speak my mind, 1320
    I think I should have told your grace's tale.
    The duchess, by his subornation,
    Upon my life, began her devilish practises:
    Or, if he were not privy to those faults,
    Yet, by reputing of his high descent, 1325
    As next the king he was successive heir,
    And such high vaunts of his nobility,
    Did instigate the bedlam brain-sick duchess
    By wicked means to frame our sovereign's fall.
    Smooth runs the water where the brook is deep; 1330
    And in his simple show he harbours treason.
    The fox barks not when he would steal the lamb.
    No, no, my sovereign; Gloucester is a man
    Unsounded yet and full of deep deceit.
  • Winchester. Did he not, contrary to form of law, 1335
    Devise strange deaths for small offences done?
  • Richard Plantagenet (Duke of Gloucester). And did he not, in his protectorship,
    Levy great sums of money through the realm
    For soldiers' pay in France, and never sent it?
    By means whereof the towns each day revolted. 1340
  • Duke of Buckingham. Tut, these are petty faults to faults unknown.
    Which time will bring to light in smooth
    Duke Humphrey.
  • Henry VI. My lords, at once: the care you have of us,
    To mow down thorns that would annoy our foot, 1345
    Is worthy praise: but, shall I speak my conscience,
    Our kinsman Gloucester is as innocent
    From meaning treason to our royal person
    As is the sucking lamb or harmless dove:
    The duke is virtuous, mild and too well given 1350
    To dream on evil or to work my downfall.
  • Queen Margaret. Ah, what's more dangerous than this fond affiance!
    Seems he a dove? his feathers are but borrowed,
    For he's disposed as the hateful raven:
    Is he a lamb? his skin is surely lent him, 1355
    For he's inclined as is the ravenous wolf.
    Who cannot steal a shape that means deceit?
    Take heed, my lord; the welfare of us all
    Hangs on the cutting short that fraudful man.


  • Henry VI. Welcome, Lord Somerset. What news from France?
  • Henry VI. Cold news, Lord Somerset: but God's will be done! 1365
  • Richard Plantagenet (Duke of Gloucester). [Aside] Cold news for me; for I had hope of France
    As firmly as I hope for fertile England.
    Thus are my blossoms blasted in the bud
    And caterpillars eat my leaves away;
    But I will remedy this gear ere long, 1370
    Or sell my title for a glorious grave.


  • Duke of Gloucester. All happiness unto my lord the king!
    Pardon, my liege, that I have stay'd so long.
  • Earl of Suffolk. Nay, Gloucester, know that thou art come too soon, 1375
    Unless thou wert more loyal than thou art:
    I do arrest thee of high treason here.
  • Duke of Gloucester. Well, Suffolk, thou shalt not see me blush
    Nor change my countenance for this arrest:
    A heart unspotted is not easily daunted. 1380
    The purest spring is not so free from mud
    As I am clear from treason to my sovereign:
    Who can accuse me? wherein am I guilty?
  • Duke of Gloucester. Is it but thought so? what are they that think it?
    I never robb'd the soldiers of their pay,
    Nor ever had one penny bribe from France.
    So help me God, as I have watch'd the night, 1390
    Ay, night by night, in studying good for England,
    That doit that e'er I wrested from the king,
    Or any groat I hoarded to my use,
    Be brought against me at my trial-day!
    No; many a pound of mine own proper store, 1395
    Because I would not tax the needy commons,
    Have I disbursed to the garrisons,
    And never ask'd for restitution.
  • Winchester. It serves you well, my lord, to say so much.
  • Duke of Gloucester. Why, 'tis well known that, whiles I was
    protector, 1405
    Pity was all the fault that was in me;
    For I should melt at an offender's tears,
    And lowly words were ransom for their fault.
    Unless it were a bloody murderer,
    Or foul felonious thief that fleeced poor passengers, 1410
    I never gave them condign punishment:
    Murder indeed, that bloody sin, I tortured
    Above the felon or what trespass else.
  • Earl of Suffolk. My lord, these faults are easy, quickly answered:
    But mightier crimes are laid unto your charge, 1415
    Whereof you cannot easily purge yourself.
    I do arrest you in his highness' name;
    And here commit you to my lord cardinal
    To keep, until your further time of trial.
  • Henry VI. My lord of Gloucester, 'tis my special hope 1420
    That you will clear yourself from all suspect:
    My conscience tells me you are innocent.
  • Duke of Gloucester. Ah, gracious lord, these days are dangerous:
    Virtue is choked with foul ambition
    And charity chased hence by rancour's hand; 1425
    Foul subornation is predominant
    And equity exiled your highness' land.
    I know their complot is to have my life,
    And if my death might make this island happy,
    And prove the period of their tyranny, 1430
    I would expend it with all willingness:
    But mine is made the prologue to their play;
    For thousands more, that yet suspect no peril,
    Will not conclude their plotted tragedy.
    Beaufort's red sparkling eyes blab his heart's malice, 1435
    And Suffolk's cloudy brow his stormy hate;
    Sharp Buckingham unburthens with his tongue
    The envious load that lies upon his heart;
    And dogged York, that reaches at the moon,
    Whose overweening arm I have pluck'd back, 1440
    By false accuse doth level at my life:
    And you, my sovereign lady, with the rest,
    Causeless have laid disgraces on my head,
    And with your best endeavour have stirr'd up
    My liefest liege to be mine enemy: 1445
    Ay, all you have laid your heads together—
    Myself had notice of your conventicles—
    And all to make away my guiltless life.
    I shall not want false witness to condemn me,
    Nor store of treasons to augment my guilt; 1450
    The ancient proverb will be well effected:
    'A staff is quickly found to beat a dog.'
  • Winchester. My liege, his railing is intolerable:
    If those that care to keep your royal person
    From treason's secret knife and traitors' rage 1455
    Be thus upbraided, chid and rated at,
    And the offender granted scope of speech,
    'Twill make them cool in zeal unto your grace.
  • Earl of Suffolk. Hath he not twit our sovereign lady here
    With ignominious words, though clerkly couch'd, 1460
    As if she had suborned some to swear
    False allegations to o'erthrow his state?
  • Duke of Gloucester. Far truer spoke than meant: I lose, indeed;
    Beshrew the winners, for they play'd me false! 1465
    And well such losers may have leave to speak.
  • Duke of Buckingham. He'll wrest the sense and hold us here all day:
    Lord cardinal, he is your prisoner.
  • Winchester. Sirs, take away the duke, and guard him sure.
  • Duke of Gloucester. Ah! thus King Henry throws away his crutch 1470
    Before his legs be firm to bear his body.
    Thus is the shepherd beaten from thy side,
    And wolves are gnarling who shall gnaw thee first.
    Ah, that my fear were false! ah, that it were!
    For, good King Henry, thy decay I fear. 1475

[Exit, guarded]

  • Henry VI. My lords, what to your wisdoms seemeth best,
    Do or undo, as if ourself were here.
  • Henry VI. Ay, Margaret; my heart is drown'd with grief, 1480
    Whose flood begins to flow within mine eyes,
    My body round engirt with misery,
    For what's more miserable than discontent?
    Ah, uncle Humphrey! in thy face I see
    The map of honour, truth and loyalty: 1485
    And yet, good Humphrey, is the hour to come
    That e'er I proved thee false or fear'd thy faith.
    What louring star now envies thy estate,
    That these great lords and Margaret our queen
    Do seek subversion of thy harmless life? 1490
    Thou never didst them wrong, nor no man wrong;
    And as the butcher takes away the calf
    And binds the wretch, and beats it when it strays,
    Bearing it to the bloody slaughter-house,
    Even so remorseless have they borne him hence; 1495
    And as the dam runs lowing up and down,
    Looking the way her harmless young one went,
    And can do nought but wail her darling's loss,
    Even so myself bewails good Gloucester's case
    With sad unhelpful tears, and with dimm'd eyes 1500
    Look after him and cannot do him good,
    So mighty are his vowed enemies.
    His fortunes I will weep; and, 'twixt each groan
    Say 'Who's a traitor? Gloucester he is none.'
    [Exeunt all but QUEEN MARGARET, CARDINAL,] 1505
    SUFFOLK, and YORK; SOMERSET remains apart]
  • Queen Margaret. Free lords, cold snow melts with the sun's hot beams.
    Henry my lord is cold in great affairs,
    Too full of foolish pity, and Gloucester's show
    Beguiles him as the mournful crocodile 1510
    With sorrow snares relenting passengers,
    Or as the snake roll'd in a flowering bank,
    With shining chequer'd slough, doth sting a child
    That for the beauty thinks it excellent.
    Believe me, lords, were none more wise than I— 1515
    And yet herein I judge mine own wit good—
    This Gloucester should be quickly rid the world,
    To rid us of the fear we have of him.
  • Winchester. That he should die is worthy policy;
    But yet we want a colour for his death: 1520
    'Tis meet he be condemn'd by course of law.
  • Earl of Suffolk. But, in my mind, that were no policy:
    The king will labour still to save his life,
    The commons haply rise, to save his life;
    And yet we have but trivial argument, 1525
    More than mistrust, that shows him worthy death.
  • Richard Plantagenet (Duke of Gloucester). 'Tis York that hath more reason for his death.
    But, my lord cardinal, and you, my Lord of Suffolk, 1530
    Say as you think, and speak it from your souls,
    Were't not all one, an empty eagle were set
    To guard the chicken from a hungry kite,
    As place Duke Humphrey for the king's protector?
  • Earl of Suffolk. Madam, 'tis true; and were't not madness, then,
    To make the fox surveyor of the fold?
    Who being accused a crafty murderer,
    His guilt should be but idly posted over,
    Because his purpose is not executed. 1540
    No; let him die, in that he is a fox,
    By nature proved an enemy to the flock,
    Before his chaps be stain'd with crimson blood,
    As Humphrey, proved by reasons, to my liege.
    And do not stand on quillets how to slay him: 1545
    Be it by gins, by snares, by subtlety,
    Sleeping or waking, 'tis no matter how,
    So he be dead; for that is good deceit
    Which mates him first that first intends deceit.
  • Earl of Suffolk. Not resolute, except so much were done;
    For things are often spoke and seldom meant:
    But that my heart accordeth with my tongue,
    Seeing the deed is meritorious,
    And to preserve my sovereign from his foe, 1555
    Say but the word, and I will be his priest.
  • Winchester. But I would have him dead, my Lord of Suffolk,
    Ere you can take due orders for a priest:
    Say you consent and censure well the deed,
    And I'll provide his executioner, 1560
    I tender so the safety of my liege.

[Enter a Post]

  • Post. Great lords, from Ireland am I come amain,
    To signify that rebels there are up
    And put the Englishmen unto the sword:
    Send succors, lords, and stop the rage betime, 1570
    Before the wound do grow uncurable;
    For, being green, there is great hope of help.
  • Winchester. A breach that craves a quick expedient stop!
    What counsel give you in this weighty cause?
  • Duke/Earl of Somerset. If York, with all his far-fet policy,
    Had been the regent there instead of me,
    He never would have stay'd in France so long. 1580
  • Richard Plantagenet (Duke of Gloucester). No, not to lose it all, as thou hast done:
    I rather would have lost my life betimes
    Than bring a burthen of dishonour home
    By staying there so long till all were lost.
    Show me one scar character'd on thy skin: 1585
    Men's flesh preserved so whole do seldom win.
  • Queen Margaret. Nay, then, this spark will prove a raging fire,
    If wind and fuel be brought to feed it with:
    No more, good York; sweet Somerset, be still:
    Thy fortune, York, hadst thou been regent there, 1590
    Might happily have proved far worse than his.
  • Winchester. My Lord of York, try what your fortune is.
    The uncivil kerns of Ireland are in arms 1595
    And temper clay with blood of Englishmen:
    To Ireland will you lead a band of men,
    Collected choicely, from each county some,
    And try your hap against the Irishmen?
  • Earl of Suffolk. Why, our authority is his consent,
    And what we do establish he confirms:
    Then, noble York, take thou this task in hand.
  • Earl of Suffolk. A charge, Lord York, that I will see perform'd.
    But now return we to the false Duke Humphrey.
  • Winchester. No more of him; for I will deal with him
    That henceforth he shall trouble us no more.
    And so break off; the day is almost spent: 1610
    Lord Suffolk, you and I must talk of that event.

[Exeunt all but YORK]

  • Richard Plantagenet (Duke of Gloucester). Now, York, or never, steel thy fearful thoughts,
    And change misdoubt to resolution:
    Be that thou hopest to be, or what thou art
    Resign to death; it is not worth the enjoying: 1620
    Let pale-faced fear keep with the mean-born man,
    And find no harbour in a royal heart.
    Faster than spring-time showers comes thought
    on thought,
    And not a thought but thinks on dignity. 1625
    My brain more busy than the labouring spider
    Weaves tedious snares to trap mine enemies.
    Well, nobles, well, 'tis politicly done,
    To send me packing with an host of men:
    I fear me you but warm the starved snake, 1630
    Who, cherish'd in your breasts, will sting
    your hearts.
    'Twas men I lack'd and you will give them me:
    I take it kindly; and yet be well assured
    You put sharp weapons in a madman's hands. 1635
    Whiles I in Ireland nourish a mighty band,
    I will stir up in England some black storm
    Shall blow ten thousand souls to heaven or hell;
    And this fell tempest shall not cease to rage
    Until the golden circuit on my head, 1640
    Like to the glorious sun's transparent beams,
    Do calm the fury of this mad-bred flaw.
    And, for a minister of my intent,
    I have seduced a headstrong Kentishman,
    John Cade of Ashford, 1645
    To make commotion, as full well he can,
    Under the title of John Mortimer.
    In Ireland have I seen this stubborn Cade
    Oppose himself against a troop of kerns,
    And fought so long, till that his thighs with darts 1650
    Were almost like a sharp-quill'd porpentine;
    And, in the end being rescued, I have seen
    Him caper upright like a wild Morisco,
    Shaking the bloody darts as he his bells.
    Full often, like a shag-hair'd crafty kern, 1655
    Hath he conversed with the enemy,
    And undiscover'd come to me again
    And given me notice of their villanies.
    This devil here shall be my substitute;
    For that John Mortimer, which now is dead, 1660
    In face, in gait, in speech, he doth resemble:
    By this I shall perceive the commons' mind,
    How they affect the house and claim of York.
    Say he be taken, rack'd and tortured,
    I know no pain they can inflict upon him 1665
    Will make him say I moved him to those arms.
    Say that he thrive, as 'tis great like he will,
    Why, then from Ireland come I with my strength
    And reap the harvest which that rascal sow'd;
    For Humphrey being dead, as he shall be, 1670
    And Henry put apart, the next for me.


. previous scene      

Act III, Scene 2

Bury St. Edmund’s. A room of state.

      next scene .

[Enter certain Murderers, hastily]

  • First Murderer. Run to my Lord of Suffolk; let him know
    We have dispatch'd the duke, as he commanded. 1675
  • Second Murderer. O that it were to do! What have we done?
    Didst ever hear a man so penitent?


  • Earl of Suffolk. Why, that's well said. Go, get you to my house;
    I will reward you for this venturous deed.
    The king and all the peers are here at hand.
    Have you laid fair the bed? Is all things well, 1685
    According as I gave directions?
  • Earl of Suffolk. Away! be gone.
    [Exeunt Murderers]
    [Sound trumpets. Enter KING HENRY VI, QUEEN] 1690
    MARGARET, CARDINAL, SOMERSET, with Attendants]
  • Henry VI. Go, call our uncle to our presence straight;
    Say we intend to try his grace to-day.
    If he be guilty, as 'tis published.


  • Henry VI. Lords, take your places; and, I pray you all,
    Proceed no straiter 'gainst our uncle Gloucester
    Than from true evidence of good esteem
    He be approved in practise culpable. 1700
  • Queen Margaret. God forbid any malice should prevail,
    That faultless may condemn a nobleman!
    Pray God he may acquit him of suspicion!
  • Henry VI. I thank thee, Meg; these words content me much.
    [Re-enter SUFFOLK] 1705
    How now! why look'st thou pale? why tremblest thou?
    Where is our uncle? what's the matter, Suffolk?
  • Winchester. God's secret judgment: I did dream to-night 1710
    The duke was dumb and could not speak a word.

[KING HENRY VI swoons]

  • Henry VI. What, doth my Lord of Suffolk comfort me? 1720
    Came he right now to sing a raven's note,
    Whose dismal tune bereft my vital powers;
    And thinks he that the chirping of a wren,
    By crying comfort from a hollow breast,
    Can chase away the first-conceived sound? 1725
    Hide not thy poison with such sugar'd words;
    Lay not thy hands on me; forbear, I say;
    Their touch affrights me as a serpent's sting.
    Thou baleful messenger, out of my sight!
    Upon thy eye-balls murderous tyranny 1730
    Sits in grim majesty, to fright the world.
    Look not upon me, for thine eyes are wounding:
    Yet do not go away: come, basilisk,
    And kill the innocent gazer with thy sight;
    For in the shade of death I shall find joy; 1735
    In life but double death, now Gloucester's dead.
  • Queen Margaret. Why do you rate my Lord of Suffolk thus?
    Although the duke was enemy to him,
    Yet he most Christian-like laments his death:
    And for myself, foe as he was to me, 1740
    Might liquid tears or heart-offending groans
    Or blood-consuming sighs recall his life,
    I would be blind with weeping, sick with groans,
    Look pale as primrose with blood-drinking sighs,
    And all to have the noble duke alive. 1745
    What know I how the world may deem of me?
    For it is known we were but hollow friends:
    It may be judged I made the duke away;
    So shall my name with slander's tongue be wounded,
    And princes' courts be fill'd with my reproach. 1750
    This get I by his death: ay me, unhappy!
    To be a queen, and crown'd with infamy!
  • Henry VI. Ah, woe is me for Gloucester, wretched man!
  • Queen Margaret. Be woe for me, more wretched than he is.
    What, dost thou turn away and hide thy face? 1755
    I am no loathsome leper; look on me.
    What! art thou, like the adder, waxen deaf?
    Be poisonous too and kill thy forlorn queen.
    Is all thy comfort shut in Gloucester's tomb?
    Why, then, dame Margaret was ne'er thy joy. 1760
    Erect his statue and worship it,
    And make my image but an alehouse sign.
    Was I for this nigh wreck'd upon the sea
    And twice by awkward wind from England's bank
    Drove back again unto my native clime? 1765
    What boded this, but well forewarning wind
    Did seem to say 'Seek not a scorpion's nest,
    Nor set no footing on this unkind shore'?
    What did I then, but cursed the gentle gusts
    And he that loosed them forth their brazen caves: 1770
    And bid them blow towards England's blessed shore,
    Or turn our stern upon a dreadful rock
    Yet AEolus would not be a murderer,
    But left that hateful office unto thee:
    The pretty-vaulting sea refused to drown me, 1775
    Knowing that thou wouldst have me drown'd on shore,
    With tears as salt as sea, through thy unkindness:
    The splitting rocks cower'd in the sinking sands
    And would not dash me with their ragged sides,
    Because thy flinty heart, more hard than they, 1780
    Might in thy palace perish Margaret.
    As far as I could ken thy chalky cliffs,
    When from thy shore the tempest beat us back,
    I stood upon the hatches in the storm,
    And when the dusky sky began to rob 1785
    My earnest-gaping sight of thy land's view,
    I took a costly jewel from my neck,
    A heart it was, bound in with diamonds,
    And threw it towards thy land: the sea received it,
    And so I wish'd thy body might my heart: 1790
    And even with this I lost fair England's view
    And bid mine eyes be packing with my heart
    And call'd them blind and dusky spectacles,
    For losing ken of Albion's wished coast.
    How often have I tempted Suffolk's tongue, 1795
    The agent of thy foul inconstancy,
    To sit and witch me, as Ascanius did
    When he to madding Dido would unfold
    His father's acts commenced in burning Troy!
    Am I not witch'd like her? or thou not false like him? 1800
    Ay me, I can no more! die, Margaret!
    For Henry weeps that thou dost live so long.

[Noise within. Enter WARWICK, SALISBURY, and many Commons]

  • Earl of Warwick. It is reported, mighty sovereign,
    That good Duke Humphrey traitorously is murder'd 1805
    By Suffolk and the Cardinal Beaufort's means.
    The commons, like an angry hive of bees
    That want their leader, scatter up and down
    And care not who they sting in his revenge.
    Myself have calm'd their spleenful mutiny, 1810
    Until they hear the order of his death.
  • Henry VI. That he is dead, good Warwick, 'tis too true;
    But how he died God knows, not Henry:
    Enter his chamber, view his breathless corpse,
    And comment then upon his sudden death. 1815
  • Earl of Warwick. That shall I do, my liege. Stay, Salisbury,
    With the rude multitude till I return.


  • Henry VI. O Thou that judgest all things, stay my thoughts,
    My thoughts, that labour to persuade my soul 1820
    Some violent hands were laid on Humphrey's life!
    If my suspect be false, forgive me, God,
    For judgment only doth belong to thee.
    Fain would I go to chafe his paly lips
    With twenty thousand kisses, and to drain 1825
    Upon his face an ocean of salt tears,
    To tell my love unto his dumb deaf trunk,
    And with my fingers feel his hand unfeeling:
    But all in vain are these mean obsequies;
    And to survey his dead and earthly image, 1830
    What were it but to make my sorrow greater?
    [Re-enter WARWICK and others, bearing]
    GLOUCESTER'S body on a bed]
  • Henry VI. That is to see how deep my grave is made; 1835
    For with his soul fled all my worldly solace,
    For seeing him I see my life in death.
  • Earl of Warwick. As surely as my soul intends to live
    With that dread King that took our state upon him
    To free us from his father's wrathful curse, 1840
    I do believe that violent hands were laid
    Upon the life of this thrice-famed duke.
  • Earl of Suffolk. A dreadful oath, sworn with a solemn tongue!
    What instance gives Lord Warwick for his vow?
  • Earl of Warwick. See how the blood is settled in his face. 1845
    Oft have I seen a timely-parted ghost,
    Of ashy semblance, meagre, pale and bloodless,
    Being all descended to the labouring heart;
    Who, in the conflict that it holds with death,
    Attracts the same for aidance 'gainst the enemy; 1850
    Which with the heart there cools and ne'er returneth
    To blush and beautify the cheek again.
    But see, his face is black and full of blood,
    His eye-balls further out than when he lived,
    Staring full ghastly like a strangled man; 1855
    His hair uprear'd, his nostrils stretched with struggling;
    His hands abroad display'd, as one that grasp'd
    And tugg'd for life and was by strength subdued:
    Look, on the sheets his hair you see, is sticking;
    His well-proportion'd beard made rough and rugged, 1860
    Like to the summer's corn by tempest lodged.
    It cannot be but he was murder'd here;
    The least of all these signs were probable.
  • Earl of Suffolk. Why, Warwick, who should do the duke to death?
    Myself and Beaufort had him in protection; 1865
    And we, I hope, sir, are no murderers.
  • Earl of Warwick. But both of you were vow'd Duke Humphrey's foes,
    And you, forsooth, had the good duke to keep:
    'Tis like you would not feast him like a friend;
    And 'tis well seen he found an enemy. 1870
  • Queen Margaret. Then you, belike, suspect these noblemen
    As guilty of Duke Humphrey's timeless death.
  • Earl of Warwick. Who finds the heifer dead and bleeding fresh
    And sees fast by a butcher with an axe,
    But will suspect 'twas he that made the slaughter? 1875
    Who finds the partridge in the puttock's nest,
    But may imagine how the bird was dead,
    Although the kite soar with unbloodied beak?
    Even so suspicious is this tragedy.
  • Queen Margaret. Are you the butcher, Suffolk? Where's your knife? 1880
    Is Beaufort term'd a kite? Where are his talons?
  • Earl of Suffolk. I wear no knife to slaughter sleeping men;
    But here's a vengeful sword, rusted with ease,
    That shall be scoured in his rancorous heart
    That slanders me with murder's crimson badge. 1885
    Say, if thou darest, proud Lord of Warwick-shire,
    That I am faulty in Duke Humphrey's death.

[Exeunt CARDINAL, SOMERSET, and others]

  • Queen Margaret. He dares not calm his contumelious spirit 1890
    Nor cease to be an arrogant controller,
    Though Suffolk dare him twenty thousand times.
  • Earl of Warwick. Madam, be still; with reverence may I say;
    For every word you speak in his behalf
    Is slander to your royal dignity. 1895
  • Earl of Suffolk. Blunt-witted lord, ignoble in demeanor!
    If ever lady wrong'd her lord so much,
    Thy mother took into her blameful bed
    Some stern untutor'd churl, and noble stock
    Was graft with crab-tree slip; whose fruit thou art, 1900
    And never of the Nevils' noble race.
  • Earl of Warwick. But that the guilt of murder bucklers thee
    And I should rob the deathsman of his fee,
    Quitting thee thereby of ten thousand shames,
    And that my sovereign's presence makes me mild, 1905
    I would, false murderous coward, on thy knee
    Make thee beg pardon for thy passed speech,
    And say it was thy mother that thou meant'st
    That thou thyself was born in bastardy;
    And after all this fearful homage done, 1910
    Give thee thy hire and send thy soul to hell,
    Pernicious blood-sucker of sleeping men!
  • Earl of Suffolk. Thou shall be waking well I shed thy blood,
    If from this presence thou darest go with me.
  • Earl of Warwick. Away even now, or I will drag thee hence: 1915
    Unworthy though thou art, I'll cope with thee
    And do some service to Duke Humphrey's ghost.


  • Henry VI. What stronger breastplate than a heart untainted!
    Thrice is he armed that hath his quarrel just, 1920
    And he but naked, though lock'd up in steel
    Whose conscience with injustice is corrupted.

[A noise within]

  • Queen Margaret. What noise is this?
    [Re-enter SUFFOLK and WARWICK, with their] 1925
    weapons drawn]
  • Henry VI. Why, how now, lords! your wrathful weapons drawn
    Here in our presence! dare you be so bold?
    Why, what tumultuous clamour have we here?
  • Earl of Suffolk. The traitorous Warwick with the men of Bury 1930
    Set all upon me, mighty sovereign.
  • Earl of Salisbury. [To the Commons, entering] Sirs, stand apart;
    the king shall know your mind.
    Dread lord, the commons send you word by me,
    Unless Lord Suffolk straight be done to death, 1935
    Or banished fair England's territories,
    They will by violence tear him from your palace
    And torture him with grievous lingering death.
    They say, by him the good Duke Humphrey died;
    They say, in him they fear your highness' death; 1940
    And mere instinct of love and loyalty,
    Free from a stubborn opposite intent,
    As being thought to contradict your liking,
    Makes them thus forward in his banishment.
    They say, in care of your most royal person, 1945
    That if your highness should intend to sleep
    And charge that no man should disturb your rest
    In pain of your dislike or pain of death,
    Yet, notwithstanding such a strait edict,
    Were there a serpent seen, with forked tongue, 1950
    That slily glided towards your majesty,
    It were but necessary you were waked,
    Lest, being suffer'd in that harmful slumber,
    The mortal worm might make the sleep eternal;
    And therefore do they cry, though you forbid, 1955
    That they will guard you, whether you will or no,
    From such fell serpents as false Suffolk is,
    With whose envenomed and fatal sting,
    Your loving uncle, twenty times his worth,
    They say, is shamefully bereft of life. 1960
  • Commons. [Within] An answer from the king, my
    Lord of Salisbury!
  • Earl of Suffolk. 'Tis like the commons, rude unpolish'd hinds,
    Could send such message to their sovereign:
    But you, my lord, were glad to be employ'd, 1965
    To show how quaint an orator you are:
    But all the honour Salisbury hath won
    Is, that he was the lord ambassador
    Sent from a sort of tinkers to the king.
  • Commons. [Within] An answer from the king, or we will all break in! 1970
  • Henry VI. Go, Salisbury, and tell them all from me.
    I thank them for their tender loving care;
    And had I not been cited so by them,
    Yet did I purpose as they do entreat;
    For, sure, my thoughts do hourly prophesy 1975
    Mischance unto my state by Suffolk's means:
    And therefore, by His majesty I swear,
    Whose far unworthy deputy I am,
    He shall not breathe infection in this air
    But three days longer, on the pain of death. 1980


  • Henry VI. Ungentle queen, to call him gentle Suffolk!
    No more, I say: if thou dost plead for him,
    Thou wilt but add increase unto my wrath. 1985
    Had I but said, I would have kept my word,
    But when I swear, it is irrevocable.
    If, after three days' space, thou here be'st found
    On any ground that I am ruler of,
    The world shall not be ransom for thy life. 1990
    Come, Warwick, come, good Warwick, go with me;
    I have great matters to impart to thee.

[Exeunt all but QUEEN MARGARET and SUFFOLK]

  • Queen Margaret. Mischance and sorrow go along with you!
    Heart's discontent and sour affliction 1995
    Be playfellows to keep you company!
    There's two of you; the devil make a third!
    And threefold vengeance tend upon your steps!
  • Earl of Suffolk. Cease, gentle queen, these execrations,
    And let thy Suffolk take his heavy leave. 2000
  • Queen Margaret. Fie, coward woman and soft-hearted wretch!
    Hast thou not spirit to curse thine enemy?
  • Earl of Suffolk. A plague upon them! wherefore should I curse them?
    Would curses kill, as doth the mandrake's groan,
    I would invent as bitter-searching terms, 2005
    As curst, as harsh and horrible to hear,
    Deliver'd strongly through my fixed teeth,
    With full as many signs of deadly hate,
    As lean-faced Envy in her loathsome cave:
    My tongue should stumble in mine earnest words; 2010
    Mine eyes should sparkle like the beaten flint;
    Mine hair be fixed on end, as one distract;
    Ay, every joint should seem to curse and ban:
    And even now my burthen'd heart would break,
    Should I not curse them. Poison be their drink! 2015
    Gall, worse than gall, the daintiest that they taste!
    Their sweetest shade a grove of cypress trees!
    Their chiefest prospect murdering basilisks!
    Their softest touch as smart as lizards' sting!
    Their music frightful as the serpent's hiss, 2020
    And boding screech-owls make the concert full!
    All the foul terrors in dark-seated hell—
  • Queen Margaret. Enough, sweet Suffolk; thou torment'st thyself;
    And these dread curses, like the sun 'gainst glass,
    Or like an overcharged gun, recoil, 2025
    And turn the force of them upon thyself.
  • Earl of Suffolk. You bade me ban, and will you bid me leave?
    Now, by the ground that I am banish'd from,
    Well could I curse away a winter's night,
    Though standing naked on a mountain top, 2030
    Where biting cold would never let grass grow,
    And think it but a minute spent in sport.
  • Queen Margaret. O, let me entreat thee cease. Give me thy hand,
    That I may dew it with my mournful tears;
    Nor let the rain of heaven wet this place, 2035
    To wash away my woful monuments.
    O, could this kiss be printed in thy hand,
    That thou mightst think upon these by the seal,
    Through whom a thousand sighs are breathed for thee!
    So, get thee gone, that I may know my grief; 2040
    'Tis but surmised whiles thou art standing by,
    As one that surfeits thinking on a want.
    I will repeal thee, or, be well assured,
    Adventure to be banished myself:
    And banished I am, if but from thee. 2045
    Go; speak not to me; even now be gone.
    O, go not yet! Even thus two friends condemn'd
    Embrace and kiss and take ten thousand leaves,
    Loather a hundred times to part than die.
    Yet now farewell; and farewell life with thee! 2050
  • Earl of Suffolk. Thus is poor Suffolk ten times banished;
    Once by the king, and three times thrice by thee.
    'Tis not the land I care for, wert thou thence;
    A wilderness is populous enough,
    So Suffolk had thy heavenly company: 2055
    For where thou art, there is the world itself,
    With every several pleasure in the world,
    And where thou art not, desolation.
    I can no more: live thou to joy thy life;
    Myself no joy in nought but that thou livest. 2060

[Enter VAUX]

  • Vaux. To signify unto his majesty
    That Cardinal Beaufort is at point of death;
    For suddenly a grievous sickness took him, 2065
    That makes him gasp and stare and catch the air,
    Blaspheming God and cursing men on earth.
    Sometimes he talks as if Duke Humphrey's ghost
    Were by his side; sometime he calls the king,
    And whispers to his pillow, as to him, 2070
    The secrets of his overcharged soul;
    And I am sent to tell his majesty
    That even now he cries aloud for him.
  • Queen Margaret. Go tell this heavy message to the king.
    [Exit VAUX] 2075
    Ay me! what is this world! what news are these!
    But wherefore grieve I at an hour's poor loss,
    Omitting Suffolk's exile, my soul's treasure?
    Why only, Suffolk, mourn I not for thee,
    And with the southern clouds contend in tears, 2080
    Theirs for the earth's increase, mine for my sorrows?
    Now get thee hence: the king, thou know'st, is coming;
    If thou be found by me, thou art but dead.
  • Earl of Suffolk. If I depart from thee, I cannot live;
    And in thy sight to die, what were it else 2085
    But like a pleasant slumber in thy lap?
    Here could I breathe my soul into the air,
    As mild and gentle as the cradle-babe
    Dying with mother's dug between its lips:
    Where, from thy sight, I should be raging mad, 2090
    And cry out for thee to close up mine eyes,
    To have thee with thy lips to stop my mouth;
    So shouldst thou either turn my flying soul,
    Or I should breathe it so into thy body,
    And then it lived in sweet Elysium. 2095
    To die by thee were but to die in jest;
    From thee to die were torture more than death:
    O, let me stay, befall what may befall!
  • Queen Margaret. Away! though parting be a fretful corrosive,
    It is applied to a deathful wound. 2100
    To France, sweet Suffolk: let me hear from thee;
    For wheresoe'er thou art in this world's globe,
    I'll have an Iris that shall find thee out.
  • Earl of Suffolk. A jewel, lock'd into the wofull'st cask
    That ever did contain a thing of worth.
    Even as a splitted bark, so sunder we
    This way fall I to death.

[Exeunt severally]

. previous scene      

Act III, Scene 3

A bedchamber.


[Enter the KING, SALISBURY, WARWICK, to the] [p]CARDINAL in bed]

  • Henry VI. How fares my lord? speak, Beaufort, to
    thy sovereign. 2115
  • Winchester. If thou be'st death, I'll give thee England's treasure,
    Enough to purchase such another island,
    So thou wilt let me live, and feel no pain.
  • Henry VI. Ah, what a sign it is of evil life,
    Where death's approach is seen so terrible! 2120
  • Winchester. Bring me unto my trial when you will.
    Died he not in his bed? where should he die?
    Can I make men live, whether they will or no?
    O, torture me no more! I will confess. 2125
    Alive again? then show me where he is:
    I'll give a thousand pound to look upon him.
    He hath no eyes, the dust hath blinded them.
    Comb down his hair; look, look! it stands upright,
    Like lime-twigs set to catch my winged soul. 2130
    Give me some drink; and bid the apothecary
    Bring the strong poison that I bought of him.
  • Henry VI. O thou eternal Mover of the heavens.
    Look with a gentle eye upon this wretch!
    O, beat away the busy meddling fiend 2135
    That lays strong siege unto this wretch's soul.
    And from his bosom purge this black despair!
  • Henry VI. Peace to his soul, if God's good pleasure be! 2140
    Lord cardinal, if thou think'st on heaven's bliss,
    Hold up thy hand, make signal of thy hope.
    He dies, and makes no sign. O God, forgive him!
  • Henry VI. Forbear to judge, for we are sinners all. 2145
    Close up his eyes and draw the curtain close;
    And let us all to meditation.