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The early village cock
Hath twice done salutation to the morn.

      — King Richard III, Act V Scene 3

History of King John

Act II

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Act II, Scene 1

France. Before Angiers.

       
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[Enter AUSTRIA and forces, drums, etc. on one side:] [p]on the other KING PHILIP and his power; LEWIS, [p]ARTHUR, CONSTANCE and attendants]

  • Lewis. Before Angiers well met, brave Austria.
    Arthur, that great forerunner of thy blood,
    Richard, that robb'd the lion of his heart
    And fought the holy wars in Palestine,
    By this brave duke came early to his grave: 295
    And for amends to his posterity,
    At our importance hither is he come,
    To spread his colours, boy, in thy behalf,
    And to rebuke the usurpation
    Of thy unnatural uncle, English John: 300
    Embrace him, love him, give him welcome hither.
  • Arthur. God shall forgive you Coeur-de-lion's death
    The rather that you give his offspring life,
    Shadowing their right under your wings of war:
    I give you welcome with a powerless hand, 305
    But with a heart full of unstained love:
    Welcome before the gates of Angiers, duke.
  • Lewis. A noble boy! Who would not do thee right?
  • Lymoges. Upon thy cheek lay I this zealous kiss,
    As seal to this indenture of my love, 310
    That to my home I will no more return,
    Till Angiers and the right thou hast in France,
    Together with that pale, that white-faced shore,
    Whose foot spurns back the ocean's roaring tides
    And coops from other lands her islanders, 315
    Even till that England, hedged in with the main,
    That water-walled bulwark, still secure
    And confident from foreign purposes,
    Even till that utmost corner of the west
    Salute thee for her king: till then, fair boy, 320
    Will I not think of home, but follow arms.
  • Constance. O, take his mother's thanks, a widow's thanks,
    Till your strong hand shall help to give him strength
    To make a more requital to your love!
  • Lymoges. The peace of heaven is theirs that lift their swords 325
    In such a just and charitable war.
  • King Phillip. Well then, to work: our cannon shall be bent
    Against the brows of this resisting town.
    Call for our chiefest men of discipline,
    To cull the plots of best advantages: 330
    We'll lay before this town our royal bones,
    Wade to the market-place in Frenchmen's blood,
    But we will make it subject to this boy.
  • Constance. Stay for an answer to your embassy,
    Lest unadvised you stain your swords with blood: 335
    My Lord Chatillon may from England bring,
    That right in peace which here we urge in war,
    And then we shall repent each drop of blood
    That hot rash haste so indirectly shed.

[Enter CHATILLON]

  • King Phillip. A wonder, lady! lo, upon thy wish,
    Our messenger Chatillon is arrived!
    What England says, say briefly, gentle lord;
    We coldly pause for thee; Chatillon, speak.
  • Chatillon. Then turn your forces from this paltry siege 345
    And stir them up against a mightier task.
    England, impatient of your just demands,
    Hath put himself in arms: the adverse winds,
    Whose leisure I have stay'd, have given him time
    To land his legions all as soon as I; 350
    His marches are expedient to this town,
    His forces strong, his soldiers confident.
    With him along is come the mother-queen,
    An Ate, stirring him to blood and strife;
    With her her niece, the Lady Blanch of Spain; 355
    With them a bastard of the king's deceased,
    And all the unsettled humours of the land,
    Rash, inconsiderate, fiery voluntaries,
    With ladies' faces and fierce dragons' spleens,
    Have sold their fortunes at their native homes, 360
    Bearing their birthrights proudly on their backs,
    To make hazard of new fortunes here:
    In brief, a braver choice of dauntless spirits
    Than now the English bottoms have waft o'er
    Did nearer float upon the swelling tide, 365
    To do offence and scath in Christendom.
    [Drum beats]
    The interruption of their churlish drums
    Cuts off more circumstance: they are at hand,
    To parley or to fight; therefore prepare. 370
  • Lymoges. By how much unexpected, by so much
    We must awake endavour for defence;
    For courage mounteth with occasion:
    Let them be welcome then: we are prepared. 375
    [Enter KING JOHN, QUEEN ELINOR, BLANCH, the BASTARD,]
    Lords, and forces]
  • King John. Peace be to France, if France in peace permit
    Our just and lineal entrance to our own;
    If not, bleed France, and peace ascend to heaven, 380
    Whiles we, God's wrathful agent, do correct
    Their proud contempt that beats His peace to heaven.
  • King Phillip. Peace be to England, if that war return
    From France to England, there to live in peace.
    England we love; and for that England's sake 385
    With burden of our armour here we sweat.
    This toil of ours should be a work of thine;
    But thou from loving England art so far,
    That thou hast under-wrought his lawful king
    Cut off the sequence of posterity, 390
    Out-faced infant state and done a rape
    Upon the maiden virtue of the crown.
    Look here upon thy brother Geffrey's face;
    These eyes, these brows, were moulded out of his:
    This little abstract doth contain that large 395
    Which died in Geffrey, and the hand of time
    Shall draw this brief into as huge a volume.
    That Geffrey was thy elder brother born,
    And this his son; England was Geffrey's right
    And this is Geffrey's: in the name of God 400
    How comes it then that thou art call'd a king,
    When living blood doth in these temples beat,
    Which owe the crown that thou o'ermasterest?
  • King John. From whom hast thou this great commission, France,
    To draw my answer from thy articles? 405
  • King Phillip. From that supernal judge, that stirs good thoughts
    In any breast of strong authority,
    To look into the blots and stains of right:
    That judge hath made me guardian to this boy:
    Under whose warrant I impeach thy wrong 410
    And by whose help I mean to chastise it.
  • King John. Alack, thou dost usurp authority.
  • Constance. Let me make answer; thy usurping son. 415
  • Queen Elinor. Out, insolent! thy bastard shall be king,
    That thou mayst be a queen, and cheque the world!
  • Constance. My bed was ever to thy son as true
    As thine was to thy husband; and this boy
    Liker in feature to his father Geffrey 420
    Than thou and John in manners; being as like
    As rain to water, or devil to his dam.
    My boy a bastard! By my soul, I think
    His father never was so true begot:
    It cannot be, an if thou wert his mother. 425
  • Queen Elinor. There's a good mother, boy, that blots thy father.
  • Constance. There's a good grandam, boy, that would blot thee.
  • Lymoges. What the devil art thou? 430
  • Philip the Bastard. One that will play the devil, sir, with you,
    An a' may catch your hide and you alone:
    You are the hare of whom the proverb goes,
    Whose valour plucks dead lions by the beard;
    I'll smoke your skin-coat, an I catch you right; 435
    Sirrah, look to't; i' faith, I will, i' faith.
  • Blanch. O, well did he become that lion's robe
    That did disrobe the lion of that robe!
  • Philip the Bastard. It lies as sightly on the back of him
    As great Alcides' shows upon an ass: 440
    But, ass, I'll take that burthen from your back,
    Or lay on that shall make your shoulders crack.
  • Lymoges. What craker is this same that deafs our ears
    With this abundance of superfluous breath?
  • King Phillip. Lewis, determine what we shall do straight. 445
  • Lewis. Women and fools, break off your conference.
    King John, this is the very sum of all;
    England and Ireland, Anjou, Touraine, Maine,
    In right of Arthur do I claim of thee:
    Wilt thou resign them and lay down thy arms? 450
  • King John. My life as soon: I do defy thee, France.
    Arthur of Bretagne, yield thee to my hand;
    And out of my dear love I'll give thee more
    Than e'er the coward hand of France can win:
    Submit thee, boy. 455
  • Constance. Do, child, go to it grandam, child:
    Give grandam kingdom, and it grandam will
    Give it a plum, a cherry, and a fig:
    There's a good grandam. 460
  • Arthur. Good my mother, peace!
    I would that I were low laid in my grave:
    I am not worth this coil that's made for me.
  • Queen Elinor. His mother shames him so, poor boy, he weeps.
  • Constance. Now shame upon you, whether she does or no! 465
    His grandam's wrongs, and not his mother's shames,
    Draws those heaven-moving pearls from his poor eyes,
    Which heaven shall take in nature of a fee;
    Ay, with these crystal beads heaven shall be bribed
    To do him justice and revenge on you. 470
  • Queen Elinor. Thou monstrous slanderer of heaven and earth!
  • Constance. Thou monstrous injurer of heaven and earth!
    Call not me slanderer; thou and thine usurp
    The dominations, royalties and rights
    Of this oppressed boy: this is thy eld'st son's son, 475
    Infortunate in nothing but in thee:
    Thy sins are visited in this poor child;
    The canon of the law is laid on him,
    Being but the second generation
    Removed from thy sin-conceiving womb. 480
  • Constance. I have but this to say,
    That he is not only plagued for her sin,
    But God hath made her sin and her the plague
    On this removed issue, plague for her 485
    And with her plague; her sin his injury,
    Her injury the beadle to her sin,
    All punish'd in the person of this child,
    And all for her; a plague upon her!
  • Queen Elinor. Thou unadvised scold, I can produce 490
    A will that bars the title of thy son.
  • Constance. Ay, who doubts that? a will! a wicked will:
    A woman's will; a canker'd grandam's will!
  • King Phillip. Peace, lady! pause, or be more temperate:
    It ill beseems this presence to cry aim 495
    To these ill-tuned repetitions.
    Some trumpet summon hither to the walls
    These men of Angiers: let us hear them speak
    Whose title they admit, Arthur's or John's.

[Trumpet sounds. Enter certain Citizens upon the walls]

  • King John. England, for itself.
    You men of Angiers, and my loving subjects—
  • King Phillip. You loving men of Angiers, Arthur's subjects, 505
    Our trumpet call'd you to this gentle parle—
  • King John. For our advantage; therefore hear us first.
    These flags of France, that are advanced here
    Before the eye and prospect of your town,
    Have hither march'd to your endamagement: 510
    The cannons have their bowels full of wrath,
    And ready mounted are they to spit forth
    Their iron indignation 'gainst your walls:
    All preparation for a bloody siege
    All merciless proceeding by these French 515
    Confronts your city's eyes, your winking gates;
    And but for our approach those sleeping stones,
    That as a waist doth girdle you about,
    By the compulsion of their ordinance
    By this time from their fixed beds of lime 520
    Had been dishabited, and wide havoc made
    For bloody power to rush upon your peace.
    But on the sight of us your lawful king,
    Who painfully with much expedient march
    Have brought a countercheque before your gates, 525
    To save unscratch'd your city's threatened cheeks,
    Behold, the French amazed vouchsafe a parle;
    And now, instead of bullets wrapp'd in fire,
    To make a shaking fever in your walls,
    They shoot but calm words folded up in smoke, 530
    To make a faithless error in your ears:
    Which trust accordingly, kind citizens,
    And let us in, your king, whose labour'd spirits,
    Forwearied in this action of swift speed,
    Crave harbourage within your city walls. 535
  • King Phillip. When I have said, make answer to us both.
    Lo, in this right hand, whose protection
    Is most divinely vow'd upon the right
    Of him it holds, stands young Plantagenet,
    Son to the elder brother of this man, 540
    And king o'er him and all that he enjoys:
    For this down-trodden equity, we tread
    In warlike march these greens before your town,
    Being no further enemy to you
    Than the constraint of hospitable zeal 545
    In the relief of this oppressed child
    Religiously provokes. Be pleased then
    To pay that duty which you truly owe
    To that owes it, namely this young prince:
    And then our arms, like to a muzzled bear, 550
    Save in aspect, hath all offence seal'd up;
    Our cannons' malice vainly shall be spent
    Against the invulnerable clouds of heaven;
    And with a blessed and unvex'd retire,
    With unhack'd swords and helmets all unbruised, 555
    We will bear home that lusty blood again
    Which here we came to spout against your town,
    And leave your children, wives and you in peace.
    But if you fondly pass our proffer'd offer,
    'Tis not the roundure of your old-faced walls 560
    Can hide you from our messengers of war,
    Though all these English and their discipline
    Were harbour'd in their rude circumference.
    Then tell us, shall your city call us lord,
    In that behalf which we have challenged it? 565
    Or shall we give the signal to our rage
    And stalk in blood to our possession?
  • First Citizen. In brief, we are the king of England's subjects:
    For him, and in his right, we hold this town.
  • King John. Acknowledge then the king, and let me in. 570
  • First Citizen. That can we not; but he that proves the king,
    To him will we prove loyal: till that time
    Have we ramm'd up our gates against the world.
  • King John. Doth not the crown of England prove the king?
    And if not that, I bring you witnesses, 575
    Twice fifteen thousand hearts of England's breed,—
  • King John. To verify our title with their lives.
  • First Citizen. Till you compound whose right is worthiest,
    We for the worthiest hold the right from both.
  • King John. Then God forgive the sin of all those souls
    That to their everlasting residence, 585
    Before the dew of evening fall, shall fleet,
    In dreadful trial of our kingdom's king!
  • Philip the Bastard. Saint George, that swinged the dragon, and e'er since
    Sits on his horseback at mine hostess' door, 590
    Teach us some fence!
    [To AUSTRIA]
    Sirrah, were I at home,
    At your den, sirrah, with your lioness
    I would set an ox-head to your lion's hide, 595
    And make a monster of you.
  • King John. Up higher to the plain; where we'll set forth
    In best appointment all our regiments. 600
  • King Phillip. It shall be so; and at the other hill
    Command the rest to stand. God and our right!
    [Exeunt]
    [Here after excursions, enter the Herald of France,] 605
    with trumpets, to the gates]
  • French Herald. You men of Angiers, open wide your gates,
    And let young Arthur, Duke of Bretagne, in,
    Who by the hand of France this day hath made
    Much work for tears in many an English mother, 610
    Whose sons lie scattered on the bleeding ground;
    Many a widow's husband grovelling lies,
    Coldly embracing the discolour'd earth;
    And victory, with little loss, doth play
    Upon the dancing banners of the French, 615
    Who are at hand, triumphantly display'd,
    To enter conquerors and to proclaim
    Arthur of Bretagne England's king and yours.

[Enter English Herald, with trumpet]

  • English Herald. Rejoice, you men of Angiers, ring your bells: 620
    King John, your king and England's doth approach,
    Commander of this hot malicious day:
    Their armours, that march'd hence so silver-bright,
    Hither return all gilt with Frenchmen's blood;
    There stuck no plume in any English crest 625
    That is removed by a staff of France;
    Our colours do return in those same hands
    That did display them when we first march'd forth;
    And, like a troop of jolly huntsmen, come
    Our lusty English, all with purpled hands, 630
    Dyed in the dying slaughter of their foes:
    Open your gates and gives the victors way.
  • First Citizen. Heralds, from off our towers we might behold,
    From first to last, the onset and retire
    Of both your armies; whose equality 635
    By our best eyes cannot be censured:
    Blood hath bought blood and blows have answered blows;
    Strength match'd with strength, and power confronted power:
    Both are alike; and both alike we like.
    One must prove greatest: while they weigh so even, 640
    We hold our town for neither, yet for both.
    [Re-enter KING JOHN and KING PHILIP, with their]
    powers, severally]
  • King John. France, hast thou yet more blood to cast away?
    Say, shall the current of our right run on? 645
    Whose passage, vex'd with thy impediment,
    Shall leave his native channel and o'erswell
    With course disturb'd even thy confining shores,
    Unless thou let his silver water keep
    A peaceful progress to the ocean. 650
  • King Phillip. England, thou hast not saved one drop of blood,
    In this hot trial, more than we of France;
    Rather, lost more. And by this hand I swear,
    That sways the earth this climate overlooks,
    Before we will lay down our just-borne arms, 655
    We'll put thee down, 'gainst whom these arms we bear,
    Or add a royal number to the dead,
    Gracing the scroll that tells of this war's loss
    With slaughter coupled to the name of kings.
  • Philip the Bastard. Ha, majesty! how high thy glory towers, 660
    When the rich blood of kings is set on fire!
    O, now doth Death line his dead chaps with steel;
    The swords of soldiers are his teeth, his fangs;
    And now he feasts, mousing the flesh of men,
    In undetermined differences of kings. 665
    Why stand these royal fronts amazed thus?
    Cry, 'havoc!' kings; back to the stained field,
    You equal potents, fiery kindled spirits!
    Then let confusion of one part confirm
    The other's peace: till then, blows, blood and death! 670
  • King John. Whose party do the townsmen yet admit?
  • King Phillip. Speak, citizens, for England; who's your king?
  • King John. In us, that are our own great deputy 675
    And bear possession of our person here,
    Lord of our presence, Angiers, and of you.
  • First Citizen. A greater power then we denies all this;
    And till it be undoubted, we do lock
    Our former scruple in our strong-barr'd gates; 680
    King'd of our fears, until our fears, resolved,
    Be by some certain king purged and deposed.
  • Philip the Bastard. By heaven, these scroyles of Angiers flout you, kings,
    And stand securely on their battlements,
    As in a theatre, whence they gape and point 685
    At your industrious scenes and acts of death.
    Your royal presences be ruled by me:
    Do like the mutines of Jerusalem,
    Be friends awhile and both conjointly bend
    Your sharpest deeds of malice on this town: 690
    By east and west let France and England mount
    Their battering cannon charged to the mouths,
    Till their soul-fearing clamours have brawl'd down
    The flinty ribs of this contemptuous city:
    I'ld play incessantly upon these jades, 695
    Even till unfenced desolation
    Leave them as naked as the vulgar air.
    That done, dissever your united strengths,
    And part your mingled colours once again;
    Turn face to face and bloody point to point; 700
    Then, in a moment, Fortune shall cull forth
    Out of one side her happy minion,
    To whom in favour she shall give the day,
    And kiss him with a glorious victory.
    How like you this wild counsel, mighty states? 705
    Smacks it not something of the policy?
  • King John. Now, by the sky that hangs above our heads,
    I like it well. France, shall we knit our powers
    And lay this Angiers even to the ground;
    Then after fight who shall be king of it? 710
  • Philip the Bastard. An if thou hast the mettle of a king,
    Being wronged as we are by this peevish town,
    Turn thou the mouth of thy artillery,
    As we will ours, against these saucy walls;
    And when that we have dash'd them to the ground, 715
    Why then defy each other and pell-mell
    Make work upon ourselves, for heaven or hell.
  • King John. We from the west will send destruction
    Into this city's bosom. 720
  • King Phillip. Our thunder from the south
    Shall rain their drift of bullets on this town.
  • Philip the Bastard. O prudent discipline! From north to south:
    Austria and France shoot in each other's mouth: 725
    I'll stir them to it. Come, away, away!
  • First Citizen. Hear us, great kings: vouchsafe awhile to stay,
    And I shall show you peace and fair-faced league;
    Win you this city without stroke or wound;
    Rescue those breathing lives to die in beds, 730
    That here come sacrifices for the field:
    Persever not, but hear me, mighty kings.
  • King John. Speak on with favour; we are bent to hear.
  • First Citizen. That daughter there of Spain, the Lady Blanch,
    Is niece to England: look upon the years 735
    Of Lewis the Dauphin and that lovely maid:
    If lusty love should go in quest of beauty,
    Where should he find it fairer than in Blanch?
    If zealous love should go in search of virtue,
    Where should he find it purer than in Blanch? 740
    If love ambitious sought a match of birth,
    Whose veins bound richer blood than Lady Blanch?
    Such as she is, in beauty, virtue, birth,
    Is the young Dauphin every way complete:
    If not complete of, say he is not she; 745
    And she again wants nothing, to name want,
    If want it be not that she is not he:
    He is the half part of a blessed man,
    Left to be finished by such as she;
    And she a fair divided excellence, 750
    Whose fulness of perfection lies in him.
    O, two such silver currents, when they join,
    Do glorify the banks that bound them in;
    And two such shores to two such streams made one,
    Two such controlling bounds shall you be, kings, 755
    To these two princes, if you marry them.
    This union shall do more than battery can
    To our fast-closed gates; for at this match,
    With swifter spleen than powder can enforce,
    The mouth of passage shall we fling wide ope, 760
    And give you entrance: but without this match,
    The sea enraged is not half so deaf,
    Lions more confident, mountains and rocks
    More free from motion, no, not Death himself
    In moral fury half so peremptory, 765
    As we to keep this city.
  • Philip the Bastard. Here's a stay
    That shakes the rotten carcass of old Death
    Out of his rags! Here's a large mouth, indeed,
    That spits forth death and mountains, rocks and seas, 770
    Talks as familiarly of roaring lions
    As maids of thirteen do of puppy-dogs!
    What cannoneer begot this lusty blood?
    He speaks plain cannon fire, and smoke and bounce;
    He gives the bastinado with his tongue: 775
    Our ears are cudgell'd; not a word of his
    But buffets better than a fist of France:
    Zounds! I was never so bethump'd with words
    Since I first call'd my brother's father dad.
  • Queen Elinor. Son, list to this conjunction, make this match; 780
    Give with our niece a dowry large enough:
    For by this knot thou shalt so surely tie
    Thy now unsured assurance to the crown,
    That yon green boy shall have no sun to ripe
    The bloom that promiseth a mighty fruit. 785
    I see a yielding in the looks of France;
    Mark, how they whisper: urge them while their souls
    Are capable of this ambition,
    Lest zeal, now melted by the windy breath
    Of soft petitions, pity and remorse, 790
    Cool and congeal again to what it was.
  • First Citizen. Why answer not the double majesties
    This friendly treaty of our threaten'd town?
  • King Phillip. Speak England first, that hath been forward first
    To speak unto this city: what say you? 795
  • King John. If that the Dauphin there, thy princely son,
    Can in this book of beauty read 'I love,'
    Her dowry shall weigh equal with a queen:
    For Anjou and fair Touraine, Maine, Poictiers,
    And all that we upon this side the sea, 800
    Except this city now by us besieged,
    Find liable to our crown and dignity,
    Shall gild her bridal bed and make her rich
    In titles, honours and promotions,
    As she in beauty, education, blood, 805
    Holds hand with any princess of the world.
  • King Phillip. What say'st thou, boy? look in the lady's face.
  • Lewis. I do, my lord; and in her eye I find
    A wonder, or a wondrous miracle,
    The shadow of myself form'd in her eye: 810
    Which being but the shadow of your son,
    Becomes a sun and makes your son a shadow:
    I do protest I never loved myself
    Till now infixed I beheld myself
    Drawn in the flattering table of her eye. 815

[Whispers with BLANCH]

  • Philip the Bastard. Drawn in the flattering table of her eye!
    Hang'd in the frowning wrinkle of her brow!
    And quarter'd in her heart! he doth espy
    Himself love's traitor: this is pity now, 820
    That hang'd and drawn and quartered, there should be
    In such a love so vile a lout as he.
  • Blanch. My uncle's will in this respect is mine:
    If he see aught in you that makes him like,
    That any thing he sees, which moves his liking, 825
    I can with ease translate it to my will;
    Or if you will, to speak more properly,
    I will enforce it easily to my love.
    Further I will not flatter you, my lord,
    That all I see in you is worthy love, 830
    Than this; that nothing do I see in you,
    Though churlish thoughts themselves should be your judge,
    That I can find should merit any hate.
  • King John. What say these young ones? What say you my niece?
  • Blanch. That she is bound in honour still to do 835
    What you in wisdom still vouchsafe to say.
  • King John. Speak then, prince Dauphin; can you love this lady?
  • Lewis. Nay, ask me if I can refrain from love;
    For I do love her most unfeignedly.
  • King John. Then do I give Volquessen, Touraine, Maine, 840
    Poictiers and Anjou, these five provinces,
    With her to thee; and this addition more,
    Full thirty thousand marks of English coin.
    Philip of France, if thou be pleased withal,
    Command thy son and daughter to join hands. 845
  • King Phillip. It likes us well; young princes, close your hands.
  • Lymoges. And your lips too; for I am well assured
    That I did so when I was first assured.
  • King Phillip. Now, citizens of Angiers, ope your gates,
    Let in that amity which you have made; 850
    For at Saint Mary's chapel presently
    The rites of marriage shall be solemnized.
    Is not the Lady Constance in this troop?
    I know she is not, for this match made up
    Her presence would have interrupted much: 855
    Where is she and her son? tell me, who knows.
  • Lewis. She is sad and passionate at your highness' tent.
  • King Phillip. And, by my faith, this league that we have made
    Will give her sadness very little cure.
    Brother of England, how may we content 860
    This widow lady? In her right we came;
    Which we, God knows, have turn'd another way,
    To our own vantage.
  • King John. We will heal up all;
    For we'll create young Arthur Duke of Bretagne 865
    And Earl of Richmond; and this rich fair town
    We make him lord of. Call the Lady Constance;
    Some speedy messenger bid her repair
    To our solemnity: I trust we shall,
    If not fill up the measure of her will, 870
    Yet in some measure satisfy her so
    That we shall stop her exclamation.
    Go we, as well as haste will suffer us,
    To this unlook'd for, unprepared pomp.

[Exeunt all but the BASTARD]

  • Philip the Bastard. Mad world! mad kings! mad composition!
    John, to stop Arthur's title in the whole,
    Hath willingly departed with a part,
    And France, whose armour conscience buckled on,
    Whom zeal and charity brought to the field 880
    As God's own soldier, rounded in the ear
    With that same purpose-changer, that sly devil,
    That broker, that still breaks the pate of faith,
    That daily break-vow, he that wins of all,
    Of kings, of beggars, old men, young men, maids, 885
    Who, having no external thing to lose
    But the word 'maid,' cheats the poor maid of that,
    That smooth-faced gentleman, tickling Commodity,
    Commodity, the bias of the world,
    The world, who of itself is peised well, 890
    Made to run even upon even ground,
    Till this advantage, this vile-drawing bias,
    This sway of motion, this Commodity,
    Makes it take head from all indifferency,
    From all direction, purpose, course, intent: 895
    And this same bias, this Commodity,
    This bawd, this broker, this all-changing word,
    Clapp'd on the outward eye of fickle France,
    Hath drawn him from his own determined aid,
    From a resolved and honourable war, 900
    To a most base and vile-concluded peace.
    And why rail I on this Commodity?
    But for because he hath not woo'd me yet:
    Not that I have the power to clutch my hand,
    When his fair angels would salute my palm; 905
    But for my hand, as unattempted yet,
    Like a poor beggar, raileth on the rich.
    Well, whiles I am a beggar, I will rail
    And say there is no sin but to be rich;
    And being rich, my virtue then shall be 910
    To say there is no vice but beggary.
    Since kings break faith upon commodity,
    Gain, be my lord, for I will worship thee.

[Exit]

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